DACHA AS TOPOS IN THE LITERATURE OF THE 20 CENTURY AND IN E. G. VODOLAZKIN'S NOVEL “AVIATOR”
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Abstract: The paper is a study of the topos of the noble estate (manor) and the dacha according to the datal of the Russian fiction prose and poetry both of the turn of 19-20 cc. (K. M. Fofanov, N. A. Leykin, A. P. Chekhov, A. M. Gorky, D. S. Merezhkovsky, Z. N. Gippius, A. P. Kamensky, A. A. Blok, B. K. Zaitsev, etc.) and of the turn of 20-21 cc. (B. A. Akhmadulina, T. A. Beck, S. M. Gandlevsky, I. A. Kabysh, A. N. Varlamov, etc.). We seek for their accelerated convergence in the Russian literature of 1920-1980s (B. L. Pasternak, Yu. V. Trifonov, A. G. Bitov, Sasha Sokolov, etc.). In E. G. Vodolazkin's novel The Aviator (2016), the focal disposition of the topos of the noble estate and the dacha becomes the popular in the late 19 — first third of the XX century area Siverskaya, laid to the South-West of St. Petersburg, along with flickering discreteness and counterpoints of accompanying narratives and representations . Siverskaya makes sense to the “aviator” main concept of the novel and as generalising image of the 20 century in the whole mood, as waiting God's judgement. The purpose of the paper is to explore the uniqueness of this estate–dacha aspect of the spatial structure of the narrative in its temporal and receptive dynamics. Through use of By applying historical-literary and historical-functional methodics, some patterns of narrative analysis, as well as structural-semiotic, mythopoetic and geocultural approaches to text analysis we prove that the locus of Siverskaya becomes a kind of field of different cultural-historical, neo-mythological and stylistic metamorphoses, ranged from household-oriented sketches of country life at the beginning of the 20century to symbolic image of the eternity, as real being, free from violent determination of historical events, policies and ideologies and genealogically associated with the “estate text” of the Russian classics. This effect is produced in the novel by poetics of anachronisms, working as mean of reactualization of demanded topoi. The conclusions are relevant for the verification of the panorama of the Russian national topic, where the topoi of the noble estate and the dacha are crucial. They are also seminal for understanding axiology and communicative strategies of the Russian prose at the turn of 20-21 centuries.
Key words: DACHA; NOBLE ESTATE; TOPOS; NOVELS; RUSSIAN LITERATURE; RUSSIAN WRITERS; WRITING
Bogdanova, O. A. Dacha as topos in the literature of the 20 century and in E. G. Vodolazkin's novel “Aviator” / O. A. Bogdanova. In Philological Class. 2018. №2 (52). P. 134-140. DOI 10.26710/fk18-02-22.