AUTHOR’S THESAURUS AND WORD COMPATIBILITY: LEXICOSTATISTICAL MODELS OF INDIVIDUAL STYLE
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Abstract: The article considers the possibilities of comparative lexicostatistical analysis to study the individual style (idiostyle) of a literary text author. Within the framework of the concept of idiostyle as a two-dimensional essence two research models connected with the identification of individual-author lexicon and peculiarities of an author’s lexicon compatibility are discussed. Lists of author’s frequency words formed based on the classical prose text corpus of the XIX century (works by L. N. Tolstoy, F. M. Dostoyevsky, A. P. Chekhov, I. S. Turgenev and I. A. Goncharov) are given. These lists were obtained on the basis of intertext and interstyled statistical comparison. According to the experiment, lexical lists are authorized by the philological audience without any specific variants. The applicability of lexical statistics for the creation of individual literary and artistic thesauruses is determined. Subsequent semantic markup makes it possible to determine the most actual spheres of reality for different authors, reflected in literary texts, as well as the spheres-lacunae. Such a model, in particular, allows selecting material for idiostylistic dictionaries in a more objective way. The article considers the principles of the description of an author’s lexical compatibility related to the formalized systematization of n-grams – pairs of words used in one phrase context. On the material of the XX century works the specificity of revealing the patterns of an author’s work with a word is shown. The article presents the description of context syntagmatic relations on the example of V. V. Nabokov’s idiostyle, carried out in comparison with the works of modern writers. Syntagmatic analysis is carried out on the example of the author’s combination of adverb “vdrug” (“suddenly”), which in the novels of Vladimir Nabokov has an original contextual environment. Such an analysis is essentially a fragment of an idiostylistic dictionary of compatibility based on a statistically verified sample of phrasal material.
Key words: LEXICAL STATISTICS; STYLOMETRY; LITERARY TEXT; IDIOSYLE; THESAURUS; LEXICAL COMPATIBILITY; SYNTAGMATICS; LEXICAL BIGRAM
Mukhin, M. Yu. Author’s Thesaurus and Word Compatibility: Lexicostatistical Models of Individual Style / M. Yu. Mukhin, N. Yu. Mukhin. In Philological Class. 2019. №4 (58). P. 8-15. DOI 10.26170/FK19-04-01.