BOOK OF POEMS AS A GENRE IN THE WORKS OF “PEREVAL” POETS (P. DRUZHININ, N. ZARUDIN, D. SEMENOVSKY)
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- Рубрика: PROBLEMS OF MODERN LITERARY CRITICISM: POETICS
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Abstract: Creative activity of the poets from the literary Association “Pereval” has still been insufficiently studied, although it was a special phenomenon in the Russian literature of the 1920s-1930s. The contemporaries, including one of the founders of “Pereval” A. Voronsky, underestimated the lyrics of these poets, giving preference to prose. But their poetry epitomizes one of the important program theses of “Pereval” – sincerity. This makes their poetry an artistic document of the epoch. The article studies the books of poems by P. Druzhinin, N. Zarudin and D. Semenovsky by such parameters as title, composition, motives, and meta-plot. The analysis has revealed the characteristic features of cyclization, the common aesthetics and poetics of the literary group and the individual authored specificity. In each case, the authors of the article emphasize the poet’s special relationship with the time, with the literary tradition and with the poetry of the predecessors and contemporaries: F. Tyutchev, A. Fet, A. Tolstoy, A. Blok, S. Yesenin, M. Svetlov, E. Bagritsky, etc. The lyrics of “Pereval” recreate the dialectics of the formation of a new picture of the world in which lyrical emotions drown out the “noise of time”. P. Druzhinin and N. Zarudin, participants of the Civil War, reflect those events in different ways. For the new peasant poet P. Druzhinin war is a dark and cruel time that disrupts the natural course of life. N. Zarudin, a poet inclined towards a pessimistic worldview, on the contrary, presents the events of the Civil War in bright, romantic tones. The optimistic poetry of D. Semenovsky is timeless, abstract, and based on general literary imagery. The books of poems by the “Pereval” poets are lyrical, i.e. they basically do not reflect the large-scale changes in socialist construction in the state as the official literary criticism of the 1920s required from the poets. For these poets, lyricism remains to be the main means of expressing reality. It was lyrics that embodied the dramatic experiences of the time aestheticizing the main themes of the then modernity: the natural cycles of peasant labor (the book by P. Druzhinin The Straw Noise), the memories of the battles and victims of the civil war and its romanticization (the book by N. Zarudin Across the Field of Youth), the joy of life and new religiosity (the book by D. Semyonovsky Under the Blue Cover).
Key words: RUSSIAN POETRY; RUSSIAN POETS; POETRY; BOOKS OF POEMS; POETIC GENRES
Verina, U. Yu., Ovcharenko, A. Yu. Book of Poems as a Genre in The Works of “Pereval” Poets (P. Druzhinin, N. Zarudin, D. Semenovsky) / U. Yu. Verina, A. Yu. Ovcharenko. In Philological Class. 2019. №4 (58). P. 84-93 . DOI 10.26170/FK19-04-11.