Рубрика: “THE TRUTH WITHOUT LOVE IS A LIE”: TO THE BICENTENNIAL OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY
Article: PDF
DOI: 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-03-04
Abstract: The article presents a new approach to the analysis of the specific features of the onomasiological vocabulary of F. M. Dostoevsky and I. A. Goncharov in the typological aspect. The object of the study includes the poetics of the onyms of the main characters in the novels “Crime and Punishment” and “The Idiot” by Dostoevsky and “Oblomov” and “The Precipice” by Goncharov. The research rests on the methodological principles of mythopoetic, structural-semantic, and systemic-comparative analysis of the text. The typological approach to the poetics of the name in these works of the writers is determined by the specificity of their mythopoetic and philosophical thinking. At the heart of the artistic ontology and historiosophy, recreated in the novels, there lies the solar-chthonic opposition Chaos – Cosmos and its invariant manifestations in the figurative-semantic paradigms of the works: Split / Precipice / Break – Harmony / Integrity / Unity / Equilibrium. The literary onomastic practice of the writers within the framework of this paradigm also acquires a mythologized character. The anthroponyms of Rodion Raskolnikov and Lev Myshkin in the novels by Dostoevsky do not only reflect their personal ambivalence, but are the embodiment of the contradictions of their contemporary historical era, where harmony and chaos exist in an unstable balance. A similar dialectic is found in the onomasiological vocabulary of Goncharov. The figurative and semantic ambivalence of the onyms of Ilya Ilyich Oblomov and Boris Raysky actualizes semantic oppositions, typologically parallel to Dostoevsky's onomamythology. “Precipices” and “breaks” in the consciousness and destinies of the characters are metaphorical expressions of the crises of society and the related distortions of the cosmourgical processes of creation – destruction – restoration of harmony. Thus, onomasiology, historiosophy and sacred-mythological ontology exist in the novels by Dostoevsky and Goncharov in the relations of dialogical mutual projections, revealing the typological kinship of the spiritualexistential and moral-philosophical ideals of the writers.
Key words: Onomasiology; onomastics; onomastic myths; symbols; Russian writers; literary creative activity; literary genres; literary images; novels.

Для цитирования:

Ибатуллина, Г. М. Ономастический миф в поэтике Ф. М. Достоевского и И. А. Гончарова / Г. М. Ибатуллина, Ю. А. Старицына // Philological Class. – 2021. – Vol. 26 ⋅ №3. – С. 42-54. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-03-04.

For citation

Ibatullina, G. M., Staritsyna, Y. A. (2021). Onomastic Myth in the Poetics of F. M. Dostoevsky and I. A. Goncharov. In Philological Class. 2021. Vol. 26 ⋅ №3. P. 42-54. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-03-04.

About the author(s) :

Guzel M. Ibatullina

Sterlitamak branсh of Bashkir State University (Sterlitamak, Russia)

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9016-760X

Yulia A. Staritsyna

Sterlitamak branсh of Bashkir State University (Sterlitamak, Russia)

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3982-64013

References:

Altman, M. S. (1975). Dostoevskii. Po vekham imen [Dostoevsky. By Milestones of Names]. Saratov, Izdatel’stvo Saratovskogo universiteta. 280 p.

Belov, S. V. (2014). Imena i familii u Dostoevskogo [Names and Surnames of Dostoevsky]. In Teleskop. No. 6, pp. 42–43.

Dostoevsky, F. M. (1973). Idiot [The Idiot]. In Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, in 30 vols. Vol. VIII. Leningrad, Nauka.

Fomin, A. A. (2009). Vsegda li literaturnaya onomastika tozhdestvenna poeticheskoi onomastike? [Is Literary Onomastics Always Identical with Poetic Onomastics?]. In Voprosy onomastiki. No. 7, pp. 57–67.

Goncharov, I. A. (1953). Oblomov [Oblomov]. In Sobranie sochinenii, in 8 vols. Vol. 4. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhennoi literatury.

Goncharov, I. A. (1953). Obryv [Break]. In Sobranie sochinenii, in 8 vols. Vol. 5. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhennoi literatury.

Kasatkina, T. A. (2004). O tvoryashchei prirode slova. Ontologichnost’ slova v tvorchestve F. M. Dostoevskogo kak osnova «realizma v vysshem smysle» [About the Creative Nature of the Word. Ontology of the Word in the Works of F. M. Dostoevsky as the Basis of “Realism in the Highest Sense”]. Moscow, IMLI RAN. 480 p.

Kuper, Dzh. (1995). Entsiklopediya simvolov [Encyclopedia of Symbols]. Moscow, Assotsiatsiya dukhovnogo edineniya «Zolotoi vek». 401 p.

Losev, A. F. (1991). Giperborei [Hyperborea]. In Tokarev, S. A. (Ed.). Mify narodov mira. Entsiklopediya, in 2 vols. Vol. 1: A – K. Moscow, Sovetskaya entsiklopediya.

Ma Wenying. (2015). Antroponimika romana F. M. Dostoevskogo «Prestuplenie i nakazanie» kak khudozhestvennaya sistema [Anthroponymy of the Novel by F. M. Dostoevsky «Crime and Punishment» as an Artistic System]. Dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Moscow. 167 p.

Marmeladov, Yu. I. (1992). Tainyi kod Dostoevskogo: Il’y-aprorok v russkoi literature [Dostoevsky’s Secret Code: Ilya the Prophet in Russian Literature]. Saint Petersburg, Petrovskaya akademiya nauk i iskusstv. 141 p.

Ornatskaya, T. I. (1991). «Oblomok» li Il’ya Il’ich Oblomov? (K istorii interpretatsii familii geroya) [Is Ilya Ilyich Oblomov a “Fragment”? (To the History of the Interpretation of the Hero’s Surname)]. In Russkaya literatura. No. 4, pp. 229–231.

Roza (simvol) [Rose (Symbol)]. In Megaentsiklopediya Kirilla i Mefodiya. URL: https://megabook.ru/article/ %D0% (mode of access: 10.10.2021).

Titov, O. A. (2016). Rodion Romanovich Raskol’nikov: semanticheskaya «mnogosloinost’» imeni geroya F. M. Dostoevskogo i lingvisticheskie sredstva ee sozdaniya [Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov: Semantic “Layering” of the Name of the hero F. M. Dostoevsky and Linguistic Means of Its Creation]. In Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. No. 7–2 (61), pp. 187–190.

Tyutchev, F. I. (1987). Polnoe sobranie stikhotvorenii [Complete Collection of Poems]. Leningrad, Sovetskii pisatel’. 448 p.

Uba, E. V. (2005). Poetika imeni v romannoi trilogii I. A. Goncharova [Poetics of the Name in the Novel Trilogy by I. A. Goncharov]. Ulyanovsk. 185 p.

Voloshin, M. A. (1998). Apollon i mysh’ [Apollo and the Mouse]. In Liki tvorchestva. Moscow, Nauka, рp. 96–111.

Yakubova, R. Kh. (1981). Ideino-kompozitsionnoe edinstvo romanov F. M. Dostoevskogo kontsa 1860-kh – nachala 1870-kh godov («Idiot», «Besy») [Ideological and Compositional Unity of F. M. Dostoevsky’s Novels of the Late 1860s – Early 1870s (“The Idiot”, “Demons”)]. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. filol. nauk. Leningrad. 20 p.

Zvinyatskovsky, V. Ya. (2003). Mifologema ognya v romane «Oblomov» [The Mythologeme of Fire in the Novel “Oblomov”]. In I. A. Goncharov. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, posvyashchyonnoi 190-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya I. A. Goncharova. Ulyanovsk, Korporatsiya tekhnologii prodvizheniya, pp. 82–92.