Рубрика: THEORY AND METHODS OF TEACHING PHILOLOGICAL SUBJECTS IN SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES
Article: PDF
DOI: 10.51762/1FK-2021-2604-26
Abstract: In Russia, for many years, society and media are talking about the loss of literary centrism and the crisis of reading among young people. This article will be devoted to the problem of school reading, amateur interpretations of school classics in social networks, problems of the school system which are trying to being solved by bloggers and ways of successful Internet formats incorporation into the educational process. The modern Internet offers a large number of forms of interpretation of literary school classics, both professional and amateur, including those created by modern high school students. In a process of analyzing amateur content, we faced some problems that students are dealing with during their study and which they are trying to solve on their own: the lack of both an opportunity to show their creativity and understanding the pragmatic significance of literature, a very complex and “dry” language of presentation of educational material, topics for discussion that are not suited with student’s interests, age and life experience etc. The article focuses on a type of content called “aesthetics” which is almost unknown among the academic society but being extremely popular on the Internet nowadays. We’ve tried to describe rather succinctly the essence of this phenomenon and the constructive principles of the “aesthetics” post formation. Since the topic of literature has been actively developed in the segment of educational aesthetics and, in particular, starting to become very popular in the “Dark Academia” aesthetics society gowning its popularity during COVID-19 pandemic, we considered it necessary to briefly characterize this aesthetic basics before going into various types of literary “aesthetics”, the goals and objectives of their creation, their pragmatic value in the analysis of literary works and the study of biographies of authors, as well as practical recommendations for teachers who would like to work with “aesthetics” in their classes. The research materials can be used both for the development of literature classes and for further research on the ways of modern interpretation of the classics.
Key words: School classics; social networks; interpretation; literary centrism; teaching literature

Для цитирования:

Литовская, Е. В. Литературные «эстетики» в помощь школьникам / Е. В. Литовская // Philological Class. – 2021. – Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. – С. 291–301. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-2604-26.

For citation

Litovskaia, E. V. (2021). Literary “Aesthetics” to Help Students. In Philological Class. 2021. Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. P. 291–301. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-2604-26.

About the author(s) :

Elizaveta V. Litovskaia

Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (South Korea, Seoul)

ORCHID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3578-9772

References:

Aesthetics Wiki. URL: https://aesthetics.fandom.com/wiki/List_of_Aesthetics (mode of access: 20.11.2021).

Askarova, V. Ya., Zubanova, L. B. (2018). Izuchenie detskogo i yunosheskogo chteniya v epokhu tsifrovoi real’nosti: aktual’nye issledovatel’skie i proektnye strategii [Learning Reading for Children and Young People in the Digital Age: Relevant Research and Design Strategies]. In Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul’tury i iskusstv. No. 5, pp. 93–102.

Bart, R. (1989). Izbrannye raboty. Semiotika. Poetika [Selected Works. Semiotics. Poetics]. Moscow, Progress. 616 p.

Chetina, E. M., Klyuikova, E. A. (2015). Fandomy i fanfiki: kreativnye praktiki na virtual’nykh platformakh [Fandoms and Fanfiction: Creative Practices on Virtual Platforms]. In Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. No. 3 (33), pp. 95–104. URL:

http://www.psu.ru/files/docs/personalnye-stranitsy-prepodavatelej/kluikova/chetina_klyuykova.pdf (mode of access: 10.05.2021).

Delgado, P. (2021). Dark Academia, a Troublesome Trend. In Institute of the Future of Education: Observatory. September 28. URL: https://observatory.tec.mx/edu-news/dark-academia-a-troublesome-trend (mode of access: 20.11.2021).

Dvoryanchikov, Ya. V., Shepeleva, E. S. (2021). Sotsial’nye seti kak instrument populyarizatsii massovoi kul’tury [Social Networks as a Tool for Popularizing Mass Culture]. In Forum molodezhnoi nauki. No. 2, pp. 29–33.

Gudova, M. Yu. (2015). Chtenie v epokhu postgramotnosti: kul’turologicheskii analiz [Reading in the Post-Literacy Era: a Cultural Analysis]. Dis. … d-ra kul’t. nauk. Ekaterinburg. 329 p.

Gusarova, A. D. (2009). Zhanr fentezi v russkoi literature 90-kh gg. dvadtsatogo veka: problemy poetiki [The Fantasy Genre in Russian Literature of the 90s. Twentieth Century: Problems of Poetics]. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. filol. nauk. Petrozavodsk. 25 p.

McLuhan, M. (2005). Galaktika Guttenberga: Stanovlenie cheloveka pechatayushchego [Gutenberg’s Galaxy: The Formation of a Printing Man]. Moscow, Academicheskii proekt, Fond «Mir». 496 p.

Mechaley, K. (2021). Dark Academia: Promotion Equality or Elitism? In Mayfield Crier. September 26. URL: https://mayfieldcrier.org/3033/op-ed/dark-academia-promoting-equality-or-elitism/ (mode of access: 20.11.2021).

Mokshina, Yu. L. (2018). Fanfikshn kak instrument priobshcheniya sovremennykh shkol’nikov k chteniyu klassicheskoi literatury [Fanfiction as a Tool for Introducing Modern Schoolchildren to Reading Classical Literature]. Dis. ... kand. filol. nauk. Saint Petersburg. 455 p.

Rappoport, R. V. (2021). Chitai ne hochu. Chto meshaet rebenku polyubit’ knigi [Read – I Don’t Want To. What Prevents a Child from Falling in Love with Books]. Moscow, Individuum. 256 p.

Russkikh, E. V. (2015). Sovremennoe yunosheskoe chtenie i elektronnye resursy kak sposob priobshcheniya k knige [Modern Youth Reading and Electronic Resources as a Way of Introducing the Book]. In Vestnik Bryanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. No. 3, pp. 236–241.

Samutina, N. V. (2013). Velikie chitatel’nitsy: fanfikshn kak forma literaturnogo opyta [Great Readers: Fanfiction as a Form of Literary Experience]. In Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie. Vol. 12. No. 3, pp. 137–194. URL: https://www.intelros.ru/pdf/socoboz/2013_3/SocOboz_12_3_07_Samutina.pdf (mode of access: 10.05.2021).

Turysheva, O. N. (2013). Russkii literaturotsentrizm v aspekte literaturnoi refleksii [Russian Literary Centrism in the Aspect of Literary Reflection]. In Ural’skii filologicheskii vestnik. No. 1, pp. 228–243.

Udintsev, N. (2020). Posmotrite na poslednii instagram-trend 2010-kh – PicsArt estetiku [Look at the Latest Instagram Trend of the 2010s – PicsArt Aesthetics]. In Afisha Daily. URL: https://daily.afisha.ru/brain/14125-posmotrite-na-posledniy-instagram-trend-2010h-picsartestetiku/ (mode of access: 20.05.2021).

Wong, B. A. (2020). Why the Dark Academia Trend Hides a Bad Academic Culture. In Unpublished. December 4. URL: https://www.unpublishedzine.com/personal-essay-1/why-the-dark-academia-trend-hides-a-bad-academic-culture (mode of access: 20.11.2021).