A LESSON OF «HUMAN SELF-DEPENDENCE»: THE DIALECTIC OF THE NATURE AND CIRCUMSTANCES IN THE NOVEL «EUGENE ONEGIN» BY ALEXANDER PUSHKIN
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Abstract: The article examines the question of the originality of the art solution to the question of the interaction of the nature and circumstances in the novel «Eugene Onegin». The author draws attention to the complexity of the original Pushkin's understanding of the problem. As a result of creative research on the role played by the environment in the process of formation of the human character, the writer does not only come to understand the importance of this factor, but finds itself unable to explain the logic of the characters’ inner world development in the novel only due to the influence of circumstances. The presence of congenital, natural qualities is the cause of selective reaction to the impact of the environment: finding themselves in similar circumstances, the heroes of the novel respond to them differently. One and the same environment can give rise to completely different characters, as shown by the comparative analysis of Tatiana and Olga. Hence — the idea of the active position of the character in the process of interaction with the circumstances, which by the end of work on the novel leads the author to the discovery of the possibility of the internal resistance to the environment. This is proven by life position consciously chosen by Tatiana. The article is designed to help teachers in the organization of work on the study of the novel «Eugene Onegin» in high school.
Key words: REALISM, ROMANTICISM, RUSSIAN LITERATURE, ENVIRONMENT, LITERARY CHARACTERS, FICTIONAL CHARACTERS, METHODS OF TEACHING LITERATURE, LITERATURE LESSONS
Lozhkova, T. A. A Lesson of «Human Self-dependence»: The Dialectic of the Nature and Circumstances in the Novel «Eugene Onegin» by Alexander Pushkin / T. A. Lozhkova . In Philological Class. 2016. №4 (46). P. 42-48. DOI 10.26710/fk16-04-06 .