Interactive Lesson as a Macro-Unit of Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language in Short-Term Courses
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Abstract: The relevance of the topic of this article is due to the need to strengthen the interactive side of the process of teaching a foreign language in short-term courses in the language environment. The purpose of the study is to establish the ratio of interactive forms and methods that determine the specifics of an interactive lesson of foreign language. In contrast to the existing points of view, we attempted to prove that the effectiveness of interactive learning depends on the systematization of interactive forms and methods of teaching and the sequence of their use. To study the patterns of interactive learning of a foreign language, we applied the following methods: observation, experiment, and analysis method. An analysis of the interactive forms and methods of teaching foreigners the Russian language in short-term courses in Russia shows that the use of the learning potential of the language environment makes the content of learning natural, topical and interesting. Avoiding traditional teaching methods allows organizing the exchange of thoughts and feelings in terms of speech interaction when creating a joint product (both verbal and non-verbal). The interactive lesson, which acts as a macro unit for selecting and organizing the content of Russian as a foreign language (RFL) training in short-term courses, consists of three blocks (motivational-introductory, activity-oriented and resultant). Specially selected for each communication situation and arranged in a certain order interactive forms and methods are presented in the system of interactive exercises and tasks, classified according to the stages of mastering speech actions in different communicative situations. The article presents the forms and methods of interactive teaching of Russian as a foreign language, which teachers can use in short-term courses. The authors have shown that interactive methods and forms of teaching stimulate foreign students to speak and communicate in the target language. This contributes to the development of skills of social and academic interaction of students to solve pressing communication problems in real situations of communication. We see the perspective of research in the development of interactive methods of teaching a foreign language for different age groups of students and different levels of proficiency in a foreign language.
Key words: INTERACTIVE TEACHING; FORMS OF TEACHING; TEACHING TECHNIQUES; INTERACTIVE LESSONS; SPEAKING SKILLS; VERBAL COMMUNICATION; SHORT-TERM EDUCATION; RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE; METHODS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN
Bagramova, N. V., Vasilieva, A. V. (2020). Interactive Lesson as a Macro-Unit of Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language in Short-Term Courses. In Philological Class. 2020. Vol. 25 ⋅ №1. P. 173-183. DOI 10.26170/FK20-01-17.