Article: PDF
DOI: 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-19
Abstract: This article substantiates the thesis about the relevance of the works of F. M. Reshetnikov, a Ural mid-19th century writer, for the 20th century literature, as well as for modern creative writing. Reshetnikov’s works caused fierce polemics among the critics of his time. His method was defined as “popular realism” (by N. Shelgu- nov) and “ultra-realism” (by P. Kropotkin) but the writer was criticized for describing everyday life, for turning attention to non-Russian ethnic minorities, for monotonous writing, etc. The modern literary critic B. M. Gasparov brings Reshetnikov into the context of pre-modernist literature and compares him to A. Platonov. The article argues that Reshetnikov anticipated many trends in modern literature, especially those created in the Ural-Siberian region. His works contain and artistically combine examples of documentary essayism and mythopoetics, naturalism and (as-yet-to-be-created) modernism and reveal certain existentialism of the worldview, exposing artistic consciousness of the author himself. This article compares Reshetnikov’s texts with R. Senchin’s novel “The Eltyshevs” (2008): they are linked by depressive and apathetic narration about a decaying village; their characters are placed on the verge of life and death, sometimes beyond the edge of survival. The study reveals common features between Reshetnikov’s poetics and that of playwrights from the “Kolyada school”, including N. Kolyada himself, Ya. Pulinovich, and others. The article also compares the methods of compositional (montage) poetics in Reshetnikov’s novel “Where Is It Better?” and in an early play by Ya. Pulinovich “Behind the Line” (2008). A certain continuity with Reshetnikov can be observed in the works of A. Salnikov: there is a genre-thematic connection between Reshetnikov’s novel “One’s Own Bread” and Salnikov’s “Indirectly” (2018), there are similarities in the writing and in the style of these works, in the author’s reliance on epic solidness of the depicted world which “atones” for excessive descriptions of everyday life and characters’ routine. Thus Reshetnikov’s realistic writing, while being close to naturalism and exposing absurdity and phantasmagoric nature of reality, suddenly finds demand in the modern world.
Key words: F. M. Reshetnikov, R. Senchin, Ya. Pulinovich, A. Salnikov, “ultra-realism”, existential type of consciousness, documentalism, style

Для цитирования:

Созина, Е. К. Актуальность Решетникова: стиль писателя в современной литературе Урала / Е. К. Созина // Philological Class. – 2021. – Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. – С. 219–229. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-19.

For citation

Sozina, E. K. (2021). The Relevance of Reshetnikov’s Creative Activity: the Author’s Style in Modern Ural Literature. In Philological Class. 2021. Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. P. 219–229. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-19.

About the author(s) :

Elena K. Sozina

Institute of History and Archaeology, Ural Branch of the RAS (Ekaterinburg, Russia)



<Avseenko, V. G.> (1875). Real’naya belletristika. Sochineniya F. M. Reshetnikova. Izd. K. T. Soldatenkova [Real Fiction. Works by F. M. Reshetnikov. Ed. K. T. Soldatenkov]. In Russkii vestnik. No. 4, pp. 671–704.

Belyakov, S. (2011). Roman Senchin: neokonchennyi portret v sumerkakh [Roman Senchin: Unfinished Portrait at Dusk]. In Ural. No. 10. URL (mode of access: 15.10.2021).

Dergachev, I. A. (2005). D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak v literaturnom protsesse 1870–1890-h gg. [D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak in the Literary Process of the 1870s – 1890s]. Novosibirsk, Siberian Branch of RAN. 283 p.

Gasparov, B. (2014). Platonov and Reshetnikov [Platonov and Reshetnikov]. In Quaestio Rossica. No. 2, pp. 176–192.

Chuyko, V. V. (1890). Belletrist-samorodok. (Po povodu novogo izdaniya sochinenii F. M. Reshetnikova) [Nugget Fiction Writer. (Regarding the New Edition of F. M. Reshetnikov’s Works)]. In Nablyudatel’. No. 8, pp. 45–68.

Gor’ky, M. (1980). O literature [About Literature]. Moscow, Sovetskaya Rossiya. 480 p.

Kropotkin, P. A. (1907). Idealy i deistvitel’nost’ v russkoi literature [Ideals and Reality in Russian Literature] / transl. by V. Baturinsky, ed. by the Author. Saint Petersburg, Znaniye. 368 p.

Kubasov, A. V. (2017). Khudozhestvenno-dokumental’naya ocherkovaya proza F. M. Reshetnikova [Fiction and Documentary Essay Prose by F. M. Reshetnikov] . [B. m.], Izdatel’skie resheniya. 95 p.

Miroshkin, A. (2009). Besplodnaya pochva [Barren Soil]. In Chastnyi korrespondent. 14.10. URL: (mode of access: 15.10.2021).

Pirogov, L. (2009). Roman Senchin. Yoltyshevy [Roman Senchin. Eltyshevs]. In Literaturnaya gazeta. No 44. URL: (mode of access: 15.10.2021).

Pulinovich, Ya. (2008). Za liniei. (Tri dnya iz malen’koi zhizni). Kinostsenarii [Behind the Line. (Three days from a Small Life). Screenplay]. In Ural. No 4. URL: (mode of access: 15.10.2021).

Reshetnikov, F. M. (1936–1948). Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: v 6 tomakh [Complete Works, in 6 vols.] / ed. by I. I. Veksler. Sverdlovsk, OGIZ.

<Saltykov-Shchedrin, M. E.> (1869). Gde luchshe? Roman v dvukh chastyakh F. Reshetnikova [Where is better? A Novel in two parts by F. Reshetnikov]. In Otechestvennye zapiski. Vol. 183. No. 4, pp. 270–273.

Sal’nikov, A. (2018). Oposredovanno. Roman [Indirectly. Novel]. In Volga. No. 9–10, pp. 7–134.

Senchin, R. (2009). Yeltyshevy. Roman [Eltyshevs. Novel]. In Druzhba narodov. No. 3, 4. URL: (mode of access: 15.10.2021).

Sozina, E. K. (2009). Individual’noe i obshchee v sud’be i tvorchestve literatora-raznochintsa: razmyshleniya nad prozoi F. M. Reshetnikova [Individual and Common in the Fate and Work of a Common Writer: Reflections on the Prose of F. M. Reshetnikov]. In Ural’skii istoricheskii vestnik. No. 1 (22), pp. 41–50.

Shelgunov, N. (1871). Narodnyi realizm v literature. (Sochineniya F. Reshetnikova. 2 chasti. SPb. 1869) [Popular Realism in Literature. (Works of F. Reshetnikov, in 2 parts. Saint Petersburg 1869)]. In Delo. No. 5, pp. 1–45.

<Uspensky, G. I.> (1871). Nekrolog. F. M. Reshetnikov [Obituary. F. M. Reshetnikov]. In Otechestvennye zapiski. Vol. 195. No. 4, pp. 419–436.

Vengerov, S. A. (1897–1904). Reshetnikov Fedor Mikhailovich [Reshetnikov Fedor Mikhaylovich]. In Vengerov, S. A. (Ed.). Kritiko-biograficheskii slovar’ russkikh pisatelei i uchenykh (ot nachala russkoi obrazovannosti do nashikh dney), in 6 vols., vol. 6. Saint Petersburg, tip. M. M. Stasyulevicha, pp. 182–191.

Yuzefovich, G. (2019). Avtor «Petrovykh v grippe» napisal «Oposredovanno» — roman pro mir, gde stikhi schitayutsya narkotikami [The Author of “Petrovs in the Flu” wrote “Indirectly” – a Novel about a World where Poetry is considered Drugs]. In Meduza. 02.02. URL: (mode of access: 15.10.2021).