Рубрика: TRAJECTORIES OF THE LITERARY PROCESS OF THE XX-XXI CENTURIES
Article: PDF
DOI: 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-17
Abstract: Peculiarities of Soviet ideology mean that literary works should follow a certain canon which reflects a positive image of Soviet society. In search of possibilities to reflect the diversity and contradictions of this society, many writers chose to emphasize psychological experiences grounded in the social environment, thus also diversifying the form of literary works. Detective novels became one of the types of Soviet socio-psychological prose. The aim of the research is to analyse the features of the Latvian detective fiction during the Soviet period and to consider how the Soviet ideological system determined the development of the Latvian detective novel. In Latvian literature, detective novels occupy a marginal place as a relatively small number of authors work in this genre; moreover, the published works have not become really popular with readers. During that time, only one Latvian writer, Andris Kolbergs, managed to find a successful solution and developed a social and psychological detective novel, using the message promoted by the Soviet ideology. Kolbergs raised the Latvian detective novel to a new development level, having proved that it is not the genre of popular literature which does not usually fit into the core literary canon. The mobility peculiar to the genre of detective fiction and its development are inextricably linked to the cultural trends of a certain time. Development of detective fiction determined by the ideological system stipulated the appearance of its specific features – the focus shifted from solving the criminal mystery to the reasons for committing a crime. As a result, the social and psychological context of the Soviet period came to the fore. Despite the fact that Kolbergs’ socio-psychological detectives may be considered a certain exception in the development of the history of Latvian literature, they largely correspond to the traditions of the Russian Soviet socio-psychological detective fiction, which began to develop especially intensively in the 1950–60s.
Key words: Detective novel; crime; social and psychological context; Soviet period; popular literature

Для цитирования:

Романовская, А. Социально-психологические контексты советского периода в латышских детективных романах / А. Романовская // Philological Class. – 2021. – Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. – С. 195–205. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-17.

For citation

Romanovska, A. (2021). Social and Psychological Contexts of the Soviet Period in Latvian Detective Novels. In Philological Class. 2021. Vol. 26 ⋅ №4. P. 195–205. DOI 10.51762/1FK-2021-26-04-17.

About the author(s) :

Alina Romanovska

Daugavpils University (Daugavpils, Latvia)

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7048-4352

References:

Agejeva, M. G. (2014). Otrazhenie epokhi v proizvedeniyakh detektivnoi literatury [Reflection of the Era in the Works of Detective Literature]. In Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya Istoriya i filologiya. No. 1, pp. 111–114.

Ascari, M. (2007). A Counter-History of Crime Fiction: Supernatural, Gothic, Sensational. London, Palgrave/Macmillan.

Badina, E. (2014). Detektīvstāsts no Edgara Alana Po līdz Arturam Konanam Doilam. Promocijas darba kopsavilkums. Daugavpils, DU Akadēmiskais apgāds “Saule”.

Berelis, G. (1999). Latviešu literatūras vesture. Rīga, Zvaigzne ABC. Berelis, G. Guntis Berelis vērtē: Latviešu detektīvs. Kura nav? URL: https://berelis.wordpress.com/2011/02/02/latvieu-detektivs-kura-nav.

Bourdieu, P. (1996). The Rules of Art. Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field. Stanford, Stanford University Press.

Briedis, R. (2001). Proza. 50.-70. gadi. In Latviešu literatūras vesture III. Rīga, Zvaigzne ABC, pp. 52–94.

Britikov, A. (1976). Detektivnaya povest’ v kontekste prikl’uchencheskikh zhanrov [A Detective Story in the Context of Adventure Genres]. In Kovaleva, V. A. (Ed.). Russkaya sovetskaya povest’ 20-30-kh godov. Leningrad, Nauka, pp. 408–452.

Brylla, W. (2015). Statt eines Vorwortes. Krimis sind eben nicht nur Krimis. In Facetten des Kriminalromans. Ein Genre zwischen Tradition und Innovation / Hg. von Eva Parra-Membrives, Wolfgang Brylla. Tübingen, Narr Francke Attempto Verlag GmbH, pp. 7–24.

Chern’ak, M. (2002). “Nashe vse”. Aleksandra Marinina v zerkale sovremennogo ironichnogo detektiva [“Our Everything”. Alexandra Marinina in the Mirror of a Modern Ironic Detectives]. In Trofimova, Yu. I. (Ed.). Tvorchestvo Aleksandry Malininoi kak otrazhenie sovremennoi rossiiskoi mental’nosti: sbornik statei. Moscow, INION RAN, pp. 69–82.

Clark, K. (2003). Socialist Realism and the Sacralising of Space. In Dobrenko, E. and Naiman, E. (Eds.). The Landscape of Stalinism: The Art and Ideology of Soviet Space. Seattle. London, The University of Washington Press, pp. 3–18.

Encyclopaedia Britannica. Detective story. URL: https://www.britannica.com/art/detective-story-narrative-genre. Fedorov, F. P. (1995). Romantizm i Bidermayer [Romanticism and Biedermeier]. In Russian Literature XXXVIII.
Vol. 38. No. 1.

Fine, G. A. (2012). Group Culture and the Interaction Order: Local Sociology on the Meso-Level. In Annual
Review of Sociology. No. 38, pp. 159–179. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2106288 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071811-145518.

Gelder, K. (2004). Popular Fiction. The Logics and Practices of a Literary Field. Milton Park, Abingdon, Routledge.

Gulddal, J., King, S. and Rolls, A. (2019). Criminal Moves: Towards a Theory of Crime Fiction Mobility. In Gulddal, J., King, S. and Rolls, A. (Eds.). Criminal Moves. Modes of Mobility in Crime Fiction. Liverpool, Liverpool University Press,
pp. 1–24.

Jung, C. G. (1923). On the Relation of Analytical Psychology to Poetry. In Psychology and Psychotherapy. Vol. 3. No. 3, pp. 213–231.

Jung, C. G. (2011). Über das Phänomen des Geistes in Kunst und Wissenschaft. In Gesammelte Werke 1–20. Band 15.

Knapp, P. (1994). One World – Many Worlds: Contemporary Sociological Theory. 2nd edition. Harpercollins College Div,
pp. 228–246.

Knox, R. (1929). Ten Commandments for Detective Stories. In Harrington, H. and Knox, R. (Eds.). Best Detective Stories of the Year 1928. London, Faber and Faber.

Kolbergs, A. (1986). Automobilī rīta pusē. Rīga, Liesma. Kolbergs, A. (1994-1995). Kopotie raksti sešos sējumos.

Rīga, Aka. Millers, R. (2011). Artura Konana Doila piedzīvojumi. Rīga, Dienas grāmata.

Mills, C. W. (1959). The Sociological Imagination. New York, Oxford University Press.

Mills, C. W. (1963). Power, Politics and People. The collective essays of C. Wright Mills / ed. by I. H. Horowitz. New York, Oxford University Press.

Romanovska, A. (2020). Antons Austriņš’ Ouvre in Cultural Context. In Forum for World Literature Studies. Vol. 12. No. 3, pp. 357–370.

Skurbe, A. (2006). Andris Kolbergs. Rīga, Zinātne.

Todorov, T. (1977). The Typology of Detective Fiction. In The Poetics of Prose / transl. by R. Howard. Oxford, Basil Blackwell, pp. 42–52. Vail, P. and

Genis, A. (2013). 60-e. Mir sovetskogo cheloveka [60-e. World of the Soviet man]. Moscow, AST, CORPUS.

Van Dine, S. S. (1947). Twenty Rules for Writing Detective Stories. In H. Haycraft (Ed.). The Art of the Mystery Story. New York, The Universal Library, pp. 189–93.